Solid Fuel Heaters and Wood smoke

Solid Fuel Heaters and Wood smoke

Tips and Safety for operating a Wood fire

Installing or Replacing a New Solid Fuel Heater

A s68 application is required to be submitted to Council for the installation or replacement of any Solid Fuel Heater device. This process ensures that heaters installed are certified under the most recent emission performance criteria and are installed in such a manner to minimise smoke nuisance to surrounding neighbours. Please see a copy of the S68 application form here. (PDF 542.8KB)


Discussion paper - Reference to high child mortality rate in Armidale by Professor Geetha Ranmuthugala (PDF 220KB)


Is wood smoke really dangerous?

A solid body of scientific evidence has confirmed that wood smoke is bad for our health. Smoke from wood heaters has a lot in common with tobacco smoke. Both are organic fuels and when they burn they give off very similar compounds. Particulate matter, especially those particles known as PM2.5, are the most worrying. Children and the elderly are most at risk from PM2.5. These particles lodge in the lungs and can trigger or worsen respiratory illnesses like asthma, pneumonia and middle ear infections. Because they can also enter the bloodstream, PM2.5 particles can raise blood pressure and cause inflammation, increasing overall risks of cardiovascular disease.

It’s important we share the truth about wood smoke. The more aware people are of the dangers, the more likely they are to act.

We’re too small to be the Big Smoke

Unfortunately, Armidale’s air quality is affected by our climate and location. Because of the cold winters, thousands of homes burn wood for heating. And because of the valley that we live in, combined with low winds, wood smoke gets trapped over the town.The good news is that we can fix the problem – if we all work together. When operated properly, the vast majority of wood heaters will burn without smoking excessively. Laboratory tests by experts have shown that operating a wood stove properly, burning a hot fire with dry wood, can reduce smoke levels by up to 90%.

What’s being done to fix the problem?

A lot. With help from NSW EPA, Armidale Regional Council conducts smoke patrols on a regular basis. We’re serious about improving Armidale’s air quality and we believe that with hard work and your help we really can make a difference. 

Council has prepared a helpful video to give residents some instructions and tips to reducing wood smoke.

Monitoring the air we breathe

Council monitors the level of wood smoke in our air, and other fine airborne particles, collectively known as PM2.5 particles through a DustTrak 8520TM aerosol monitor on the roof of the Civic Administration building on Rusden Street.

This type of equipment is normally operated by state government departments and universities but Council has been collecting this data every five minutes since June 2008.

Council Policy for Sustainable Domestic Energy Use and Local Air Quality (incorporating Policy for Solid Fuel Heaters) (PDF 1.2MB)

Want to check the data yourself?

You can find the weekly DustTrak data and graphs in the links below to give you an idea of relative pollution levels.  Currently the safe maximum daily average for PM2.5 concentration is 25 µg/m³.

Dustrak Summary 18 November - 22 November 2017 (PDF 122.2KB)

Dustrak Summary 7 November - 18 November 2017 (PDF 138KB)

Dustrak Summary 31 October - 6 November 2017 (PDF 129.3KB)


Application to install a solid fuel heater 2017-2018(PDF 542.8KB)